International migration is driving Canada’s population growth. 19.8 per cent of Canada’s population is made up of immigrants, with women accounting for 52 per cent of the international migration. Locally, Hamilton has seen a 20 per cent increase in migration between 2011-2012.
Despite the growth, immigrant women encounter challenges integrating in a new country, as the McMaster University School of Social Work has identified. Gender relations, intimate partner violence, intergenerational tensions, trauma, loss and economic exclusion are some of the challenges that immigrant women face. Research also shows that immigrant women face acculturative stress as they adapt to changes in diet, climate, language and more. These challenges can affect their self-esteem, sense of identity and belonging, and their mental health.
Through the Community Health, Education and Research Fund, McMaster launched a research project to learn ways to enhance the mental health of immigrant women in Hamilton. The overall purpose of the project is to help build a healthy, caring and inclusive community and foster social and economic integration of immigrant women. By partnering with community organizations that have direct contact with immigrant women and knowledge of the local settlement sector, such as the Immigrants Working Centre, this 18-month research project also aims to strengthen campus-community partnerships and broaden ways to share outcomes gained from the research.
The project will utilize popular theatre as a way to share findings from the research. This art form is both educational and empowering, as it involves the audience as participants. Immigrant women themselves will perform the skits and this serves as an entry point to a larger conversation about the intersection of immigrant women, mental health and wellbeing.
While the project looks at mental health of immigrant women locally, McMaster hopes to use this study as a stepping stone to encourage integration of best practices in health and social services, and to inform local and municipal policy.
On Bell Let’s Talk Day, we’re sharing a grant story from our archives as part of the conversation on mental health. We’re proud to continue our support to this critical program that helps reduce barriers to mental health services for Hamilton youth.
It’s described, at least on paper, as a mental health program. But for the high school students seeking help, the first visit is often about something low-risk and straightforward—a sore throat or a sprained ankle.
Nurse practitioner Sue Grafe works part-time at the clinics, one at Sir John A. MacDonald and the other at Cathedral. Once students know it’s safe, they’ll open up about other issues, she says. Depression. Anxiety. Bullying. Their experiences as newcomers to Canada.
Community Foundations of Canada’s national Vital Signs report, some 3.2 million Canadian 12- to 19-year-olds are at risk for developing depression, yet three out of four children and youth who need specialized treatment services do not receive them.
“Provincially, one in five students has a mental health problem,” says public school board trustee, Judith Bishop. “At one of Hamilton’s schools, 31 per cent of students don’t have a family doctor. They tend to be high users of the emergency healthcare system, and that’s not the best care for these kids.”
“I think there’s a disconnect between the need and the resources of the community when it comes to adolescents,” says Sue. “There are just so many barriers to navigate. We’re filling the gap between what they need and where they need to go.”
The pilot program started in September and was busy from the beginning—one school had 81visits at nine half-day clinics. Partnerships with McMaster’s School of Nursing, Newcomer Health and the school boards have created a strong foundation. With HCF’s support the pilot will continue until school endsr. “To be able to carry on until the end of exams is very important,” Sue says. “That’s the students’ time frame.”
The program goal is to connect the students to the larger healthcare system. “It’s not about setting up a separate, parallel service,” says Judith. “We want this to be linked and integrated.” Sue agrees. “We’re opening doors for students. We’re establishing the connections that will help them achieve in the long run.”
The prevalence of mental health problem among Canadian children and young adults is staggering; Statistics Canada reports that youth aged 15 to 24 experience more mental health or substance abuse disorders than any other age group. Adolescence is often the time when many people experience their first signs of mental illness, and that’s why it’s important to treat it before it has a lasting impact on a person’s life.
St. Joseph’s Hospital Youth Wellness Centre wants to ensure that youth always have access to the mental health services and care they need. At the centre, clients can access care without a doctor’s referral, a crucial difference as only one in four youth with mental illness tend to seek help due to stigma and other barriers.
A HCF grant is helping the centre expand its services, to establish a resource lounge to create a youth-friendly welcoming environment. Here young people can find resource materials, without feeling stigmatized. With support from HCF, the centre has also established a Youth Empowerment Fund, which provides financial support for youth to take part in various activities that support their personal goals as they set on the road to recovery and healing. The fund also helps youth to meet and celebrate small goals that act as stepping stones to a larger goal achievement in their managed recovery.
This editorial appeared in last Saturday’s Hamilton Spectator. I hope you will read our Vital Signs report tomorrow on hamiltonvitalsigns.ca.
“For economic productivity and growth, our country needs as much talent as we can find, and we certainly can’t afford to waste it. The opportunity gap (between rich and poor) imposes on all of us both real costs and what economists term “opportunity costs.”
Hamilton’s renaissance is surely good news. Our economy is growing larger, more diverse, with new job opportunities and unemployment rates below the provincial average. Hamilton continues a streak of annual billion-dollar building permit totals. Property values are rising, especially in and around the downtown core. Culturally, the city has a new energy and dynamism.
But not everyone is sharing in this prosperity. A new report for Hamilton Community Foundation by Sara Mayo of the Social Planning and Research Council drives home that there are really two Hamiltons: one city reaping the benefits of the new economy, and another city being left farther and farther behind.
Hamilton’s employment rate – the percentage of all working-age residents with a job – is slightly better than the Ontario average, but 57 percent of Hamilton workers have insecure employment with unpredictable hours and little to no benefits or sick pay.
For many Hamiltonians, the main effect of the renaissance has been to drive up rents and reduce the number of rental units through condo conversions. Even when apartments remain rentals, affordable units are disappearing due to evictions and upscaling renovations.
In the past year the rental vacancy rate in Hamilton shrank from 4.5 percent to 1.8 percent, while rents for available apartments jumped 4.1 percent. 32 percent of Hamilton households rent (compared to 22 percent province wide) and 43 percent of Hamilton renters pay more than 30 percent of their income on rent. Among the lowest income renters in the city, a staggering 69 percent of their income goes to rent.
Income inequality has increased significantly across the entire developed world over several decades. But as Richard Harris, Jim Dunn and Sarah Wakefield demonstrate in a June 2015 research paper, Hamilton is faring worse than most Canadian cities.
The Hamilton Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) has gone from being one of the most equitable in Canada in 1980 to one of the most unequal today. Hamilton now has one of the highest levels of income disparity between neighbourhoods.
Hamilton has been hit harder by income polarization in part because the loss of good- paying manufacturing jobs. But municipal policy has compounded the income segregation of neighbourhoods. Suburban zoning for maximum heights and minimum lot sizes excludes lower-income residents. Car-oriented land use and low transit service levels outside the core further segregate Hamiltonians, concentrating low-income residents in the lower city
So Hamilton has become one of Canada’s most inequitable cities, and the inequality is highly polarized across neighbourhoods. This was the central message of the Spec’s Code Red report, which found a staggering 21-year difference in life expectancy between the city’s richest and poorest neighbourhoods.
So what do we need to do differently and how do we ensure that the prosperity from this renaissance reaches more inclusively across Hamilton?
We can start using some policy tools right away to reduce neighbourhood inequality: zoning new developments and rezoning existing neighbourhoods to encourage more mixed housing options; ensuring that social services are distributed through the city rather than concentrated in one spot; and investing in high-service transit across the entire city.
Every neighbourhood in Hamilton can and should include affordable housing and provide mobility without every adult needing to own a car.
The Provincial commitments for all-day GO train service and light rail transit present a tremendous opportunity to intensify our neighbourhoods with new mixed-income housing that works for families as well as young singles.
Education can also help close the gap. Our schools reflect the polarization of our neighbourhoods, and concentrated school poverty is devastating for academic performance. Our school boards must continue to reduce concentrated poverty and graduate more students by thoughtful boundary adjustments and by placing desirable programs of choice in schools located in low-income neighbourhoods.
For employment, the City and key institutions should commit to paying their employees a living wage. But we also need better private sector jobs. That means getting better at attracting good employers to locate here, and also at cultivating new local start-ups.
We need to attract and retain more postsecondary graduates and especially more immigrants, who disproportionately tend to be entrepreneurial. The City recognizes it needs to do better at reaching out to new Canadians and innovative institutions like Mohawk College are also seizing the opportunity to play key roles.
Ultimately, Hamilton can’t meet these challenges on its own. We need strong commitments from the Provincial and Federal governments to reverse the decades-long increase in poverty and inequality.
With a federal election coming up, this is the perfect time to talk about a national affordable housing strategy, which Canada had until it was scrapped in the 1990s. Affordable housing does not just mean social housing: crucially, it also means ensuring that private-sector housing, including rental accommodation, remains widely accessible.
The evidence is clear. Poverty by postal code is taking an enormous toll on Hamilton’s health and wellbeing. We know that policy tools exist that can begin to change this trajectory so that all of our citizens share in our newfound prosperity. The question is do we have the courage and the political will to act?
Terry Cooke is President & CEO at Hamilton Community Foundation
In celebration of International Women’s Day, we are re-posting this editorial which originally appeared in The Hamilton Spectator.
On National Philanthropy Day in 2012, the Hamilton Community Foundation launched a new initiative called Women 4 Change. Founded by a group of ten local women, Women 4 Change’s mission is “inspiring and enabling women of Hamilton to become leaders in philanthropy, improving the lives of women and girls in our community through collective giving.” It has been inspiring to listen to the voices around the table as this initiative has taken shape. The women vary in age, life experience, and the part of our city they call home, but they all share an aspiration, passion and compelling sense of urgency to see improved opportunities and outcomes for girls and women in Hamilton.
Anecdotal and formal data underscore the important and timely nature of this initiative. In a research paper commissioned by Women 4 Change, Dr. Sarah Wayland provides an overview of the context of women and girls in our community. She notes that while they comprise just over half of the population of Hamilton, the unique challenges they face often go unnoticed and unaddressed. Dr. Wayland summarized key pieces of local research that define female experiences and issues throughout the life cycle as well as issues that cross all stages. Particular findings jump from the pages of this report, including the fact that while girls tend to do better academically than boys, they experience significantly more stress. Risk-taking behaviours during their youth affect them far more negatively (e.g. resulting in pregnancy, single parenthood) and, regardless of circumstance, they are ultimately out-earned by men in the labour market and are less represented in positions of leadership across all sectors. Women also are negatively affected by the outcomes of poverty across all stages of the life cycle, with older women twice as likely to be living in poverty as older men.
So how does philanthropy answer this? And why now?
A scan of recent media as well as research reflects that while women have historically been volunteers and active members of their communities, there is a new emergence of female philanthropy that is unprecedented in North America. In her research on women and philanthropy, Tricia Tomson, from the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, traces the historic roots and trends in this area. As others, she notes the dramatic recent changes in women’s personal wealth. No longer is their philanthropy tied to the wealth of their husbands or fathers, but rather it is a product of women’s shifting economic position, education and social roles and in turn, a changed way of thinking about money and influence.
Today, women across North America are taking greater control over their philanthropy and seeking ways to give and influence change that are in line with their own values, perspectives and priorities. While there is debate about gender differences in philanthropy, most researchers describe the patterns of women’s giving as different from men’s and characterized by what has been described as “the Six C’s: create, change, connect, commit, collaborate, and celebrate”. It is precisely these qualities that lead to philanthropy that is strategic, engaging and transformative.
Each contributor to Women 4 Change has a personal reason for engaging in an initiative to improve the lives of women and girls in Hamilton. Together they will develop a deeper understanding of what lies behind the situation they observe and the data they read. Together they will explore new and innovative ways to change this story and become a force through their collective giving, and even more importantly, through their community roles and influence, for creating positive change. As one of the founders stated, “Women 4 Change will grow and we will build the capacity for other girls to stand here forty years hence to say ‘the women who built this special fund change my life for good, forever. “
Working in the field of philanthropy, one is inspired daily by those we meet – women and men of all ages and stages who share a desire to enhance the quality of life for all citizens. On National Philanthropy Day, and every day, our community benefits from their impact. Each deserves our gratitude and respect.
Sheree Meredith is Vice-President of Philanthropic Services at Hamilton Community Foundation. To learn more about Women 4 Change visit hamiltoncommunityfoundation.ca/w4c or call (905) 523-5600.
Parenting can be a steep learning curve, but for mothers who have experienced trauma and violence, the new experience of motherhood can be isolating.
Enter Mothers in Mind, an evidence-informed intervention program for women with young babies who have experienced family violence, child abuse, neglect, or assault. Administered by the Catholic Family Services of Hamilton, the 10-week parenting program at St. Martin’s Manor saw participation from 18 mothers and their children under the age of four. Supported by a grant from the HCF, the program was also offered to young parents and children in the community. Beyond positive parenting, the Mothers in Mind program is designed to enhance parents’ self-confidence by offering a conducive environment for young mums to share parenting challenges and obtain advice. Reduced stress, isolation and uncertainty were among the outcomes of Mothers in Mind. Program facilitators also observed that the young parent participants demonstrated increased sensitivity to the socio-emotional needs of their children.
Beginning with the community in mind, the program also saw participation from community partners, including Public Health, the Children’s Aid Society of Hamilton and Alternatives for Youth. Mothers in Mind encouraged young parents to think positively about themselves as mothers, as one participant remarked.
“They taught me to tear down the barriers between my child and I, and to remember that my baby loves me just as much as I love her. They taught me that I am not perfect nor do I have to be, to be a good parent.”
The goal is to continue to run the program once per school year while maintaining the focus on the mother-child relationship to improve infant mental health outcomes. Partnerships with other community service providers will help further shape the program with young parents in mind.
This guest blog is from the Bay Area Restoration Council. We have been pleased to support BARC’s efforts to raise awareness about the importance of the environment to a vibrant, inclusive city.
2015 marks a 17-year relationship between the Hamilton Community Foundation and the Bay Area Restoration Council (BARC) – a relationship that has supported the growth of BARC and the restoration of Hamilton Harbour.
Since 1991, following a restoration strategy created by the community called the Remedial Action Plan (RAP), BARC has been assessing and promoting clean-up projects in Hamilton Harbour and its watershed. We work with all levels of government and the private sector to keep harbour restoration issues at the forefront of community discussions and decision-making. We deliver school programs, community events and workshops, resource materials, e-blasts, volunteer programs and coordinate popular community planting events. Engaging the community and enhancing public awareness and understanding of the environmental status of the harbour and its watershed is vital to securing the protection and increasing the appreciation of our natural lands.
The most recent partnership between HCF and BARC supports our Communications and Learning Project. It marks the adaptation and innovation of our traditional communications role and outreach activities. HCF funding will enhance BARC’s website – the Digital Community Forum – designed to communicate up-to-date, information-rich resources to more and more citizens and organizations, with numerous new ways for educating about water-related problems and participating their collective solutions. The project will also further develop and sustain comprehensive and effective volunteer outreach initiatives – Bay Area Ambassadors and Citizen Scientists – designed to reach new audiences and substantiate those relationships through online features and collaboration. Time restraints or physical limitations that may have once prevented individuals from participating in BARC initiatives have been eliminated; our Project offers opportunities for learning and participation though digital contributions such as blogs, website features, photos and video. Individuals and/or groups will be able to choose the degree to which they wish to lend their efforts and expertise.
On behalf BARC and the harbour community, thank you for your very generous and continued support.
The holidays are a time for family traditions, including family philanthropy. The reasons are many: supporting family values, creating a legacy to the community, but even family relationships can be strengthened through the process of defining your charitable goals. Research has shown that while most baby boomers feel giving is a rewarding activity very few involve their children in making charitable decisions.
To get started on this new tradition, it can help to think about events or people who have affected your family’s life. For instance, if you enjoyed the outdoors you may want to support recreation or conservation efforts. Maybe you had a favourite uncle whose memory you could celebrate in a relevant way. Many families are simply grateful for what their community has provided and everyone to have the same opportunities. Do you know what legacy you want to create or the actions you want to model for your community?
Establishing a family fund at Hamilton Community Foundation is one option to assist families. Family members determine the areas they want to support, contribute over time and recommend grants. Staff assist you by presenting community needs that fit best with your goals. There are also a number of resources available to help you start the conversation. The Giving Family: Raising our Children to Help Others by Susan Crites Price, is full of practical tips on the value and practice of giving; Inspired Philanthropy: Your step-by-step guide to creating a giving plan, by Kim Klein, provides tools for a family giving strategy. Staff at the Community Foundation are available to help walk you and your family through this process in a way that is both enjoyable and meaningful.
Whatever your family chooses to support, do it with intention and purpose to maximize your impact – and your giving satisfaction.
Sheree Meredith is Vice-President of Philanthropic Services at Hamilton Community Foundation. HCF links the philanthropic interests of donors with Hamilton’s community needs and opportunities.
What motivates you to give?
I wanted to make a difference. I was born and raised in Hamilton and have always felt a connection to this beautiful city. I was looking for a cause that supported the city and when I read about the Women 4 Change program and its mission, I was excited.
What encouraged you to get involved in Women 4 change?
Women 4 Change focuses on improving the lives of women and girls in the Hamilton community through various programs. The challenges faced by women are unique (poverty levels, mental and physical health, etc.). As a woman who has always felt supported, I wanted to contribute to a program that would better lives of women and girls in our community. It has also provided me with the opportunity to meet and connect with other women who share the same philanthropic goals.
How is Women 4 Change transforming the lives of local women and girls?
You can see how the programs are empowering the girls. I was lucky enough to meet and speak with a number of girls involved in one of the programs at a Women 4 Change event in May. The girls shared their stories about how the program has helped them grow by sharing experiences and building confidence. The girls were so grateful and appreciative. To be able to spend the day speaking with the girls was very rewarding.
How can women participate in philanthropy?
If there is cause that excites or inspires you then you should support it however you can. Whether it is through financial contributions or volunteering, every little bit makes a difference.
To find out more about Women 4 Change, visit: hamiltoncommunityfoundation.ca/w4c
We recently received these wonderful photos from the Start2Finish Running and Reading Club, illustrating the impact of their Hamilton Community Foundation grant.
Start2Finish is an after-school program operating at Prince of Wales, Dr. Edgar Davey and Bennetto schools. Addressing the need for physical activity, literacy and mentorship, these students work for most of the year towards a goal of participating in a 5k run, in the process focusing weekly on a new character quality, enjoying a snack, completing a journal and reading one on one with their coaches. These coaches, volunteers from throughout the community also become rmentors and role models and equipping children with the tools to succeed.
Highlights from the program:
- Kids from clubs at all three schools participated in the Run and Reading Challenge at York University with almost 5000 other participants from across the province.
- Before and after-program assessments by McMaster’s Child Health and Exercise Medicine Program showed significant improvement in the children’s cardiovascular fitness and their overall strength.
- Participants’ literacy scores showed a 1 to 2 full grade level improvement.
A special highlight: With the consistent encouragement and guidance of his coaches, one of the students improved his focus and motivation and began to show proficiency in both running and reading, ultimately writing a book about LeBron James and winning the 5k run in Toronto in a field of 500 children.